SARS-CoV-2 VIRUS. The new coronavirus causing COVID 19.

SARS-CoV-2 VIRUS.  The new coronavirus causing COVID 19.

SARSV-2 is a RNA virus, an infectious particle, (not a living organism) that reproduces by commanding the host cell (mainly your lung cells) to make more of itself. Basically reprogramming the host cell (your lungs) to become a virus factory.  The virus has a protective shell, which is a SPIKE PROTEIN.  The spike protein opens and attaches itself to receptors on the outside of our lung cells, drops its RNA which replicates, making millions of new viral particles that are packaged and then released to infect other lung cells, just like a science fiction movie.

How it spreads- respiratory droplets, airborne, aerosols, person to person.

Preventing the spread

-Wear a mask: Everyone over the age of two needs facial protection. 

-Social Distancing- remain 6 feet apart.  Staying at least 6 feet away from anyone who doesn’t live with you.  This cuts your risk of catching the virus by 85%.

-No more than 10 persons can gather. Consider person, place, space and time.

-Cover your eyes with goggles or shields help prevent infection by 78%.

-Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer frequently.

-Don’t touch your face.

-Disinfect commonly touched surfaces daily or frequently.

-Get tested if you think you are exposed. 

Symptoms you should know (Day 3-5 after exposure)

Fever and chills,

Headaches for days.

Shortness of breath

Decrease oxygen

Bluing of the lips 

Lung damage called Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)  as seen on Xrays, causes damage to the walls of the air sacs, as well as the tiny blood vessels in your lungs, this is seen in severe cases and requires respirator assistance for breathing.


PCR test: best, most accurate and reliable method, either using a nasal swab or a nasopharyngeal swab. Result will tell you whether you have the virus or not.

Antibody Test:  detects antibodies called IGM and IGG in your plasma.   Test shows whether you have had COVID 19 in the recent past, not active COVID. 

Antigen Test- Detects proteins that are parts of the virus from your nose and throat. Quick and easy. Results in 15 minutes. Great for schools, colleges and sporting events.


-Stay at home if you can, the virus spreads from person to person.

-Wash your hands with soap and water (soap kills the virus by breaking up the viral membrane and exposes the viral RNA.

-Use hand sanitizer frequently

-Do not touch your face.

-Stay 6 feet or more apart from anyone who does not live with you.

-Eat a nutritious diet rich in vegetables, fruits, grains, fish.  Increase your micronutrients like zinc, selenium, magnesium, and many vitamins because they play a big part in your immune system. Limit your meat intake to once a week.

-Get plenty of sleep 7 to 8 hours a night to regulate your cortisol hormone, also known as your stress hormone. It will increase with lack of sleep.

-Stop smoking or vaping. These two have a direct effect on our lungs. They cause airway diseases by thickening the air sacs walls.

-Stop drinking excessive alcohol.  Results are fatty liver, obesity, and some cancers.

-Manage stress:  Try meditation, talking to friends, doing Yoga.